Male Colors

Male Colors Author Gary Leupp
ISBN-10 052091919X
Year 1997-05-15
Pages 317
Language en
Publisher Univ of California Press
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Tokugawa Japan ranks with ancient Athens as a society that not only tolerated, but celebrated, male homosexual behavior. Few scholars have seriously studied the subject, and until now none have satisfactorily explained the origins of the tradition or elucidated how its conventions reflected class structure and gender roles. Gary P. Leupp fills the gap with a dynamic examination of the origins and nature of the tradition. Based on a wealth of literary and historical documentation, this study places Tokugawa homosexuality in a global context, exploring its implications for contemporary debates on the historical construction of sexual desire. Combing through popular fiction, law codes, religious works, medical treatises, biographical material, and artistic treatments, Leupp traces the origins of pre-Tokugawa homosexual traditions among monks and samurai, then describes the emergence of homosexual practices among commoners in Tokugawa cities. He argues that it was "nurture" rather than "nature" that accounted for such conspicuous male/male sexuality and that bisexuality was more prevalent than homosexuality. Detailed, thorough, and very readable, this study is the first in English or Japanese to address so comprehensively one of the most complex and intriguing aspects of Japanese history.

Male Colors

Male Colors Author Gary P. Leupp
ISBN-10 0520209001
Year 1997-03-01
Pages 317
Language en
Publisher University of California Presson Demand
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"An invaluable resource for anyone seeking a history of the representation of homosexuality in Japan."--Sandra Buckley, author of Broken Silence: Voices of Japanese Feminism "Opens a window on the complex and varied patterns of sexual relations between males in early modern Japan. Imperative reading for anyone concerned with human sexual expression in social context."--David F. Greenberg, author of The Construction of Homosexuality "Nanshoku--male colors--as male same-sex eroticism and sexuality were known in early modern Japan, enjoyed an honored place in the life and mythology of the age, celebrated in art and literature with as much energy and enthusiasm as male-female eroticism. Unfettered by the moral opporbium that constrained--or concealed--male-male eroticism in Europe, male colors flew brightly in the public culture of urban Japan. Gary Leupp explores the practices and the cultural celebration of the Edo-era nanshoku tradition in this exuberant, sensitive, and yet dispassionate social and cultural history of male homoeroticism, the best modern scholarly study in English to date. Leupp ranges widely in a vast array of original literary, dramatic, and visual sources, which he brings to life with a finely textured use of comparative material from other traditions of male-male love both in East Asia and across the premodern world. Highly original and insightful, it will be standard reading for years to come."--Ronald P. Toby, author of State and Diplomacy in Early Modern Japan: Asia in the Development of the Tokugawa Bakufu

Male Colors

Male Colors Author Gary P. Leupp
ISBN-10 0520086279
Year 1995
Pages 310
Language en
Publisher
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"An invaluable resource for anyone seeking a history of the representation of homosexuality in Japan."--Sandra Buckley, author of "Broken Silence: Voices of Japanese Feminism" "Opens a window on the complex and varied patterns of sexual relations between males in early modern Japan. Imperative reading for anyone concerned with human sexual expression in social context."--David F. Greenberg, author of "The Construction of Homosexuality" ""Nanshoku"--male colors--as male same-sex eroticism and sexuality were known in early modern Japan, enjoyed an honored place in the life and mythology of the age, celebrated in art and literature with as much energy and enthusiasm as male-female eroticism. Unfettered by the moral opporbium that constrained--or concealed--male-male eroticism in Europe, male colors flew brightly in the public culture of urban Japan. Gary Leupp explores the practices and the cultural celebration of the Edo-era nanshoku tradition in this exuberant, sensitive, and yet dispassionate social and cultural history of male homoeroticism, the best modern scholarly study in English to date. Leupp ranges widely in a vast array of original literary, dramatic, and visual sources, which he brings to life with a finely textured use of comparative material from other traditions of male-male love both in East Asia and across the premodern world. Highly original and insightful, it will be standard reading for years to come."--Ronald P. Toby, author of "State and Diplomacy in Early Modern Japan: Asia in the Development of the Tokugawa Bakufu"

Cartographies of Desire

Cartographies of Desire Author Gregory M. Pflugfelder
ISBN-10 0520209095
Year 1999
Pages 399
Language en
Publisher Univ of California Press
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"A remarkable and sorely needed synthesis of the best of traditional historiographical documentation and critically astute analysis and contextualization. Cartographies complements and, frankly, exceeds any of the English language monographs on similar topics that precede it, and it represents significant contributions to several fields outside of East Asian history, including literature, gender studies, lesbian and gay studies, and cultural studies."--Earl Jackson Jr., author of Strategies of Deviance: Studies in Gay male Representation and Fantastic Living: The Speculative Autobiographies of Samuel R. Delany

Interracial Intimacy in Japan

Interracial Intimacy in Japan Author Gary P. Leupp
ISBN-10 0826460747
Year 2003-01
Pages 313
Language en
Publisher A&C Black
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Gary Leupp describes and analyzes intimate relationships between Western men and Japanese women throughout the entire early modern period and into the first few decades of the modern period, when Westerners came to reside in the Treaty Ports. This subject has been largely overlooked by Western scholars, until now.

Male Homosexuality in Modern Japan

Male Homosexuality in Modern Japan Author Mark J. McLelland
ISBN-10 9781135791308
Year 2005-07-08
Pages 268
Language en
Publisher Routledge
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This book is the first to look at the wide range of contrasting images of the gay male body in Japanese popular culture, both mainstream and gay, and relate these images to the experience of an interview sample of Japanese gay men. In so doing, it touches on a number of important issues, including whether there can be a universal 'gay identity' and whether or not strategies developed for increasing gay and lesbian visibility in western countries are appropriate to the social situation in Japan

Passions of the Cut Sleeve

Passions of the Cut Sleeve Author Bret Hinsch
ISBN-10 0520912659
Year 1990-08-10
Pages 256
Language en
Publisher Univ of California Press
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The first detailed treatment of the Chinese homosexual tradition in any Western language, Passions of the Cut Sleeve shatters preconceptions and stereotypes. Gone is the image of the sternly puritanical Confucian as sole representative of Chinese sexual practices—and with it the justification for the modern Chinese insistence that homosexuality is a recent import from the decadent West. Rediscovering the male homosexual tradition in China provides a startling new perspective on Chinese society and adds richly to our understanding of homosexuality. Bret Hinsch's reconstruction of the Chinese homosexual past reveals unexpected scenes. An emperor on his deathbed turns over the seals of the empire to a male beloved; two men marry each other with elaborate wedding rituals; parents sell their son into prostitution. The tradition portrays men from all levels of society—emperors, transvestite actors, rapists, elegant scholars, licentious monks, and even the nameless poor. Drawing from dynastic histories, erotic novels, popular Buddhist tracts, love poetry, legal cases, and joke books, Passions of the Cut Sleeve evokes the complex and fascinating male homosexual tradition in China from the Bronze Age until its decline in recent times.

Breaking Barriers

Breaking Barriers Author Constantine Nomikos Vaporis
ISBN-10 0674081072
Year 1994
Pages 372
Language en
Publisher Harvard Univ Asia Center
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Travel in Tokugawa Japan was officially controlled by bakufu and domainal authorities via an elaborate system of barriers, or sekisho, and travel permits; commoners, however, found ways to circumvent these barriers, frequently ignoring the laws designed to control their mobility, in this study, Constantine Vaporis challenges the notion that this system of travel regulations prevented widespread travel, maintaining instead that a âeoeculture of movementâe in Japan developed in the Tokugawa era. Using a combination of governmental documentation and travel literature, diaries, and wood-block prints, Vaporis examines the development of travel as recreation; he discusses the impact of pilgrimage and the institutionalization of alms-giving on the freedom of movement commoners enjoyed. By the end of the Tokugawa era, the popular nature of travel and a sophisticated system of roads were well established: Vaporis explores the reluctance of the bakufu to enforce its travel laws, and in doing so, beautifully evokes the character of the journey through Tokugawa Japan.

The Construction of Homosexuality

The Construction of Homosexuality Author David F. Greenberg
ISBN-10 0226306283
Year 1990-08-15
Pages 635
Language en
Publisher University of Chicago Press
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In a work of unprecedented scope, Greenberg provides a cross-cultural and transhistorical account of the social organization of homosexuality, the ways it is perceived, and how cultures respond to it.

Great Mirrors Shattered

Great Mirrors Shattered Author John Whittier Treat
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105023128825
Year 1999
Pages 241
Language en
Publisher Oxford University Press, USA
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A compelling memoir of a gay man thoroughly familiar with the Japanese homosexual underground, a man anxious for his own health and unsure of the relationship he has left behind in the U.S.

The Great Mirror of Male Love

The Great Mirror of Male Love Author Saikaku Ihara
ISBN-10 0804718954
Year 1990
Pages 371
Language en
Publisher Stanford University Press
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Winner of the 1990 Japan-U.S. Friendship Commission Prize for the Translation of Japanese Literature. ---------- "A welcome opportunity for wider comparison of the literary traditions and sexual conventions of Japanese and Euro-American cultures."--Journal of Japanese Studies

Homosexuality and Civilization

Homosexuality and Civilization Author Louis Crompton
ISBN-10 0674030060
Year 2003
Pages 623
Language en
Publisher Harvard University Press
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How have major civilizations of the last two millennia treated people who were attracted to their own sex? In a narrative tour de force, Louis Crompton chronicles the lives and achievements of homosexual men and women alongside a darker history of persecution, as he compares the Christian West with the cultures of ancient Greece and Rome, Arab Spain, imperial China, and pre-Meiji Japan. Ancient Greek culture celebrated same-sex love in history, literature, and art, making high claims for its moral influence. By contrast, Jewish religious leaders in the sixth century B.C.E. branded male homosexuality as a capital offense and, later, blamed it for the destruction of the biblical city of Sodom. When these two traditions collided in Christian Rome during the late empire, the tragic repercussions were felt throughout Europe and the New World. Louis Crompton traces Church-inspired mutilation, torture, and burning of "sodomites" in sixth-century Byzantium, medieval France, Renaissance Italy, and in Spain under the Inquisition. But Protestant authorities were equally committed to the execution of homosexuals in the Netherlands, Calvin's Geneva, and Georgian England. The root cause was religious superstition, abetted by political ambition and sheer greed. Yet from this cauldron of fears and desires, homoerotic themes surfaced in the art of the Renaissance masters--Donatello, Leonardo, Michelangelo, Sodoma, Cellini, and Caravaggio--often intertwined with Christian motifs. Homosexuality also flourished in the court intrigues of Henry III of France, Queen Christina of Sweden, James I and William III of England, Queen Anne, and Frederick the Great. Anti-homosexual atrocities committed in the West contrast starkly with the more tolerant traditions of pre-modern China and Japan, as revealed in poetry, fiction, and art and in the lives of emperors, shoguns, Buddhist priests, scholars, and actors. In the samurai tradition of Japan, Crompton makes clear, the celebration of same-sex love rivaled that of ancient Greece. Sweeping in scope, elegantly crafted, and lavishly illustrated, "Homosexuality and Civilization" is a stunning exploration of a rich and terrible past.

Queer Japanese

Queer Japanese Author H. Abe
ISBN-10 9780230106161
Year 2010-03-29
Pages 199
Language en
Publisher Springer
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Abe presents a comprehensive picture of the linguistic strategies employed by Japanese sexual minorities in various social contexts, from magazine advice columns to bars to text messaging on cell phones to private homes.

Jack Nichols Gay Pioneer

Jack Nichols  Gay Pioneer Author Jeter Louis Campbell
ISBN-10 9781560236528
Year 2007
Pages 315
Language en
Publisher Psychology Press
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One of the founding fathers of the gay and lesbian liberation movement, Jack Nichols was a warrior for gay equality. Journalist, activist, co-founder of the Mattachine Societies of Washington, DC, and Florida, and editor of the first gay weekly newspaper in the United States, his death in 2005 left a legacy of gay rights, gay pride, and tremendous courage. Jack Nichols, Gay Pioneer: "Have You Heard My Message?" is his story, blending the man, the movement, and the moment into a memory of his work before and after Stonewall, and during the AIDS epidemic.

Forbidden Friendships

Forbidden Friendships Author Michael Rocke
ISBN-10 0195352688
Year 1998-03-05
Pages 384
Language en
Publisher Oxford University Press
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"This is a superb work of scholarship, impossible to overpraise.... It marks a milestone in the 20-year rise of gay and lesbian studies."--Martin Duberman, The Advocate The men of Renaissance Florence were so renowned for sodomy that "Florenzer" in German meant "sodomite." In the late fifteenth century, as many as one in two Florentine men had come to the attention of the authorities for sodomy by the time they were thirty. In 1432 The Office of the Night was created specifically to police sodomy in Florence. Indeed, nearly all Florentine males probably had some kind of same-sex experience as a part of their "normal" sexual life. Seventy years of denunciations, interrogations, and sentencings left an extraordinarily detailed record, which author Michael Rocke has used in his vivid depiction of this vibrant sexual culture in a world where these same-sex acts were not the deviant transgressions of a small minority, but an integral part of a normal masculine identity. Rocke roots this sexual activity in the broader context of Renaissance Florence, with its social networks of families, juvenile gangs, neighbors, patronage, workshops, and confraternities, and its busy political life from the early years of the Republic through the period of Lorenzo de' Medici, Savonarola, and the beginning of Medici princely rule. His richly detailed book paints a fascinating picture of Renaissance Florence and calls into question our modern conceptions of gender and sexual identity.