The Social Contract Discourse

The Social Contract   Discourse Author Jean-Jacques Rousseau
ISBN-10 9786050458121
Year 2016-06-15
Pages 287
Language en
Publisher
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CONTENTS: - The Social Contract - A Discourse on the Arts and Science - Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men - A Discourse On Political Economy The Social Contract - The Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, is a book in which Rousseau theorized about the best way to establish a political community in the face of the problems of commercial society, which he had already identified in his Discourse on Inequality (1754). The Social Contract helped inspire political reforms or revolutions in Europe, especially in France. The Social Contract argued against the idea that monarchs were divinely empowered to legislate. Rousseau asserts that only the people, who are sovereign, have that all-powerful right. A Discourse on the Arts and Sciences A Discourse on the Moral Effects of the Arts and Sciences (1750), also known as Discourse on the Sciences and Arts and commonly referred to as The First Discourse, is an essay by Genevan philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau which argued that the arts and sciences corrupt human morality. It was Rousseau's first successful published philosophical work, and it was the first expression of his influential views about nature vs. society, to which he would dedicate the rest of his intellectual life. This work is considered one of his most important works. Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men - Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men, also commonly known as the "Second Discourse", is a work by philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Rousseau first exposes in this work his conception of a human state of nature, presented as a philosophical fiction (like by Thomas Hobbes, unlike by John Locke), and of human perfectibility, an early idea of progress. He then explains the way, according to him, people may have established civil society, which leads him to present private property as the original source and basis of all inequality. Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Jean-Jacques Rousseau (28 June 1712 – 2 July 1778) was a Francophone Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century. His political philosophy influenced the Enlightenment in France and across Europe, as well as aspects of the French Revolution and the overall development of modern political and educational thought. Rousseau's novel Emile, or On Education is a treatise on the education of the whole person for citizenship. His sentimental novel Julie, or the New Heloise was of importance to the development of pre-romanticism and romanticism in fiction. Rousseau's autobiographical writings — his Confessions, which initiated the modern autobiography, and his Reveries of a Solitary Walker — exemplified the late 18th-century movement known as the Age of Sensibility, and featured an increased focus on subjectivity and introspection that later characterized modern writing. His Discourse on Inequality and The Social Contract are cornerstones in modern political and social thought.

On the Social Contract

On the Social Contract Author Jean-Jacques Rousseau
ISBN-10 9780486111803
Year 2012-03-01
Pages 112
Language en
Publisher Courier Corporation
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A milestone of political science, Rousseau's 1762 work argues that all government is fundamentally flawed and that modern society is rife with inequality. He proposes an alternative system for the development of self-governing, self-disciplined citizens.

On the Social Contract

On the Social Contract Author Jean Jacques Rousseau
ISBN-10 0312694466
Year 1978-03-15
Pages 245
Language en
Publisher Macmillan
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This Critical edition of Rousseau’s most important work offers the definitive modern translation of the work itself and complete translations of its two predecessors, Political Economy and the Geneva Manuscript. The text includes an extensive introduction and notes that provide interpretive and biographical information and clarify many previously obscure references in the text.

Discourse on Political Economy and The Social Contract

Discourse on Political Economy and The Social Contract Author Jean-Jacques Rousseau
ISBN-10 9780199538966
Year 2008-08-14
Pages 256
Language en
Publisher Oxford University Press
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This is among the permanent classics of political theory. It argues concisely and effectively that the basis of any legitimate society must be the agreement of its members. Censored in its own time for its revolutionary tendencies, and still controversial in many respects, it is a main source of democratic belief.

Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Rousseau and The Social Contract

Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Rousseau and The Social Contract Author Christopher Bertram
ISBN-10 0415201985
Year 2004
Pages 214
Language en
Publisher Psychology Press
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Rousseau's Social Contract is a benchmark in political philosophy and has influenced moral and political thought since its publication. Rousseau and the Social Contract introduces and assesses: *Rousseau's life and the background of the Social Contract *The ideas and arguments of the Social Contract *Rousseau's continuing importance to politics and philosophy Rousseau and the Social Contract will be essential reading for all students of philosophy and politics, and anyone coming to Rousseau for the first time.

Evolution of the Social Contract

Evolution of the Social Contract Author Brian Skyrms
ISBN-10 0521555833
Year 1996-06-28
Pages 146
Language en
Publisher Cambridge University Press
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In this highly readable book, Brian Skyrms, a recognized authority on game and decision theory, investigates traditional problems of the social contract in terms of evolutionary dynamics. Game theory is skillfully employed to offer new interpretations of a wide variety of social phenomena, including justice, mutual aid, commitment, convention and meaning. The book is not technical and requires no special background knowledge. As such, it could be enjoyed by students and professionals in a wide range of disciplines: political science, philosophy, decision theory, economics and biology.

On the Social Contract

On the Social Contract Author Jean-Jacques Rousseau
ISBN-10 193523840X
Year 2014-05-31
Pages 131
Language en
Publisher
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Long hailed as one of the most original, controversial, and influential works of modern political theory, Jean-Jacques Rousseau's On the Social Contract or Principles of Political Right (1762) sets out to address an apparently insoluble difficulty: how can we organize a political community so as to guarantee its members the complete physical and emotional freedom given to them by nature, while at the same time ensuring peaceful order and cooperation within the state. How can we "find a form of association which defends and protects with full communal force the person and the possessions of each member and in which each person, by uniting with all, nevertheless obeys only himself and remains as freeas before."Rousseau's solution to this problem offers a vision of a republican constitution in which the citizens are free because, as rational beings, they choose to live in a state where they all have an equal share in the sovereign power and are all equally subject to the laws established by the general will of all. No matter what the form of government, in order to be legitimate, it must be subject to the sovereignty of the people.On the Social Contract is justly famous as a collectivist response to the more individualistic liberalism of Hobbes and Locke. For Rousseau true freedom in the modern state can only be realized if the citizens, as rational individuals, subordinate their selfish personal desires to the laws enacted by the general will of all--citizens, he states in one of his best known and most paradoxical sayings "must be forced to be free." Only then can they realize their full potential as free moral beings.

The Social Contract Discourses

The Social Contract   Discourses Author Jean Jacques Rousseau
ISBN-10 9781988297378
Year 1913
Pages 287
Language en
Publisher Lulu.com
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The role of government and whether it is required was a great topic of discussion around the revolt against the French nobility at the time this book was written. The argument focuses around whether the idea of law and good conscious is written within each of us and that we all know how government should act and be carried out. The work then goes over the various forms of government and of them all which would fit the proposed "Social Contract" the best. Each as its own merits.

Of The Social Contract and Other Political Writings

Of The Social Contract and Other Political Writings Author Jean-Jacques Rousseau
ISBN-10 9780141931999
Year 2012-10-04
Pages 400
Language en
Publisher Penguin UK
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'Man was born free, and everywhere he is in chains.' These are the famous opening words of a treatise that has stirred vigorous debate ever since its first publication in 1762. Rejecting the view that anyone has a natural right to wield authority over others, Rousseau argues instead for a pact, or 'social contract', that should exist between all the citizens of a state and that should be the source of sovereign power. From this fundamental premise, he goes on to consider issues of liberty and law, freedom and justice, arriving at a view of society that has seemed to some a blueprint for totalitarianism, to others a declaration of democratic principles. Translated by Quintin Hoare With a new introduction by Christopher Bertram

Hobbes and the Social Contract Tradition

Hobbes and the Social Contract Tradition Author Jean Hampton
ISBN-10 9781316583258
Year 1988-08-26
Pages
Language en
Publisher Cambridge University Press
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This major study of Hobbes' political philosophy draws on recent developments in game and decision theory to explore whether the thrust of the argument in Leviathan, that it is in the interests of the people to create a ruler with absolute power, can be shown to be cogent. Professor Hampton has written a book of vital importance to political philosophers, political and social scientists, and intellectual historians.

Social Contract Theory for a Diverse World

Social Contract Theory for a Diverse World Author Ryan Muldoon
ISBN-10 9781134793617
Year 2016-10-14
Pages 142
Language en
Publisher Routledge
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Very diverse societies pose real problems for Rawlsian models of public reason. This is for two reasons: first, public reason is unable accommodate diverse perspectives in determining a regulative ideal. Second, regulative ideals are unable to respond to social change. While models based on public reason focus on the justification of principles, this book suggests that we need to orient our normative theories more toward discovery and experimentation. The book develops a unique approach to social contract theory that focuses on diverse perspectives. It offers a new moral stance that author Ryan Muldoon calls, "The View From Everywhere," which allows for substantive, fundamental moral disagreement. This stance is used to develop a bargaining model in which agents can cooperate despite seeing different perspectives. Rather than arguing for an ideal contract or particular principles of justice, Muldoon outlines a procedure for iterated revisions to the rules of a social contract. It expands Mill's conception of experiments in living to help form a foundational principle for social contract theory. By embracing this kind of experimentation, we move away from a conception of justice as an end state, and toward a conception of justice as a trajectory.

Rousseau s Social Contract

Rousseau s Social Contract Author David Lay Williams
ISBN-10 9781107511606
Year 2014-01-13
Pages
Language en
Publisher Cambridge University Press
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If the greatness of a philosophical work can be measured by the volume and vehemence of the public response, there is little question that Rousseau's Social Contract stands out as a masterpiece. Within a week of its publication in 1762 it was banished from France. Soon thereafter, Rousseau fled to Geneva, where he saw the book burned in public. At the same time, many of his contemporaries, such as Kant, considered Rousseau to be 'the Newton of the moral world', as he was the first philosopher to draw attention to the basic dignity of human nature. The Social Contract has never ceased to be read and debated in the 250 years since its publication. Rousseau's Social Contract: An Introduction offers a thorough and systematic tour of this notoriously paradoxical and challenging text. David Lay Williams offers readers a chapter-by-chapter reading of the Social Contract, squarely confronting these interpretive obstacles. The book also features a special extended appendix dedicated to outlining Rousseau's famous conception of the general will, which has been the object of controversy since the Social Contract's publication in 1762.

The Social Contract Theorists

The Social Contract Theorists Author Christopher W. Morris
ISBN-10 9780585114033
Year 2000-01-01
Pages 264
Language en
Publisher Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
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This reader introduces students of philosophy and politics to the contemporary critical literature on the classical social contract theorists: Thomas Hobbes (1599-1697), John Locke (1632-1704), and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778). Twelve thoughtfully selected essays guide students through the texts, familiarizing them with key elements of the theory, while at the same time introducing them to current scholarly controversies. A bibliography of additional work is provided. The classical social contract theorists represent one of the two or three most important modern traditions in political thought. Their ideas dominated political debates in Europe and North America in the 17th and 18th centuries, influencing political thinkers, statesmen, constitution makers, revolutionaries, and other political actors alike. Debates during the French Revolution and the early history of the American Republic were often conducted in the language of Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau. Later political philosophy can only be understood against this backdrop. And the contemporary revival of contractarian moral and political thought, represented by John Rawls' A Theory of Justice (1971) or David GauthierOs Morals by Agreement (1986), needs to be appreciated in the history of this tradition.