The Heat Islands

The Heat Islands Author Randy Wayne White
ISBN-10 0312929773
Year 1993-02-15
Pages 307
Language en
Publisher Macmillan
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Marine biologist Doc Ford finds his quiet life in his Sanibal Island stilt house interrupted by the murder of Marvin Rios, the island's most disliked resident. Reprint.

Heat Islands

Heat Islands Author Lisa Mummery Gartland
ISBN-10 9781136564208
Year 2012-05-16
Pages 208
Language en
Publisher Routledge
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Heat islands are urban and suburban areas that are significantly warmer than their surroundings. Traditional, highly absorptive construction materials and a lack of effective landscaping are their main causes. Heat island problems, in terms of increased energy consumption, reduced air quality and effects on human health and mortality, are becoming more pressing as cities continue to grow and sprawl. This comprehensive book brings together the latest information about heat islands and their mitigation. The book describes how heat islands are formed, what problems they cause, which technologies mitigate heat island effects and what policies and actions can be taken to cool communities. Internationally renowned expert Lisa Gartland offers a comprehensive source of information for turning heat islands into cool communities. The author includes sections on cool roofing and cool paving, explains their benefits in detail and provides practical guidelines for their selection and installation. The book also reviews how and why to incorporate trees and vegetation around buildings, in parking lots and on green roofs.

Tropical Urban Heat Islands

Tropical Urban Heat Islands Author Nyuk Hien Wong
ISBN-10 9781134221103
Year 2008-08-29
Pages 272
Language en
Publisher Routledge
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Conventional air conditioning is not a sustainable solution to the challenge of a hot or humid climate. The climate problem is compounded in so-called Urban Heat Islands, urban areas where the air can be 3–5°C hotter than its surrounding areas and where pollution levels are consequently raised. Including a colour section with thermal images and maps, this book explores the complex relationships between climate, buildings and plants, especially in urban heat islands. These relationships bear very critically on a range of environmental issues and point to some corresponding solutions. One chapter highlights some of the extensive research work carried out in Singapore, especially investigating the thermal benefits of greenery in buildings in the urban setting. Though several books have been written on urban heat islands, this work uniquely examines the linkages between climate, buildings and plants. It forms a reference for researchers and professionals such as architects, architectural science, landscape architects, building services engineers, urban planners and urban climatologists. It may also be useful for final year undergraduates or graduate students in these disciplines.

Designing High density Cities for Social and Environmental Sustainability

Designing High density Cities for Social and Environmental Sustainability Author Edward Ng
ISBN-10 9781849774444
Year 2009-12-16
Pages 384
Language en
Publisher Earthscan
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Compact living is sustainable living. High-density cities can support closer amenities, encourage reduced trip lengths and the use of public transport and therefore reduce transport energy costs and carbon emissions. High-density planning also helps to control the spread of urban suburbs into open lands, improves efficiency in urban infrastructure and services, and results in environmental improvements that support higher quality of life in cities. Encouraging, even requiring, higher density urban development is a major policy and a central principle of growth management programmes used by planners around the world. However, such density creates design challenges and problems. A collection of experts in each of the related architectural and planning areas examines these environmental and social issues, and argues that high-density cities are a sustainable solution. It will be essential reading for anyone with an interest in sustainable urban development.

Modelling in Geography

Modelling in Geography Author Reginald William Thomas
ISBN-10 0389200492
Year 1980
Pages 338
Language en
Publisher Rowman & Littlefield
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To find more information about Rowman and Littlefield titles, please visit www.rowmanlittlefield.com.

Regional Assessment of Climate Change in the Mediterranean

Regional Assessment of Climate Change in the Mediterranean Author Antonio Navarra
ISBN-10 9789400757691
Year 2013-02-28
Pages 225
Language en
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
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This is the third volume of a three-volume final report, which thoroughly describes, synthesizes and analyzes the results of the four-year Integrated Research Project CIRCE – Climate Change and Impact Research: Mediterranean Environment, funded by the EU 6th Framework Programme. Conducted under the auspices of the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology in Rome, Italy, the study was designed to predict and to quantify the physical impacts of climate change in the Mediterranean, and to assess the most influential consequences for the population of the region.

The Climate of Israel

The Climate of Israel Author Yair Goldreich
ISBN-10 9781461506973
Year 2012-12-06
Pages 270
Language en
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
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This book describes and analyses various aspects of Israeli climate. This work also elucidates how both man and nature adjust to various climates. The first part (Chapters 1-9) deals with the meteorological and climatological network stations, the history of climate research in Israel, analysis of the local climate by season, and a discussion of the climate variables their spatial and temporal distribution. The second part (Chapters 10-14) of this work is devoted to a survey of applied climatology. This part presents information on weather forecasting, rainfall enhancement, air quality monitoring, and various climatological aspects of planning. There is no sharp division between theoretical and applied climatology topics. Moreover, though various sections seem exclusively theoretical, they also include important applications for various real life situations (such as rainfall intensities (Section 5. 3), frost, frost damage (Section 6. 2. 4), degree-days (Section 6. 2. 5) and heat stress (Section 6. 2. 6). Professionals and university students of geography and earth science, meteorology and climatology, even high school students majoring in geography will be able to use this book as a basic reference work. Researchers in atmospheric science can also use this work as an important source of reference. Students of agriculture will also gain theoretical and practical insights. Even architects and engineers will gain another perspective in their fields.

Remotely Sensed Cities

Remotely Sensed Cities Author Victor Mesev
ISBN-10 0415260450
Year 2003-03-06
Pages 433
Language en
Publisher CRC Press
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New urban applications are emerging for remote sensing, in particular with the use of high-resolution data for measuring, monitoring and analysis. This comes through the use of high spatial resolution imaging, such as for precision mapping of cities; new techniques for population mapping; extracting urban land use features, and evaluating the city energy patterns; and through the use of night-time imagery for determining populations and economic activity, particularly on a global scale. Remotely Sensed Cities helps to redress the balance with remote sensing books, most of which are dedicated to the physical environment. It is designed for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students, along with research scientists and brings together a good deal of topical work applying remote sensing to the understanding of urban features, their behavior and growth.

Advances in Building Energy Research

Advances in Building Energy Research Author M. Santamouris
ISBN-10 9781849770392
Year 2012-05-23
Pages 256
Language en
Publisher Earthscan
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'Several high quality scientific journals are published in the area of building energy and indoor/outdoor environment; however, one has been missing. Advances in Building Energy Research fills the gap. I recommend ABER to all technical libraries, research institutes and universities. It should also be used by construction companies and those manufacturing building materials and building products.' Professor Olli Seppnen, President of REHVA (Federation of Heating and Air-conditioning Associations) 'Advances in Building Energy Research is a unique index. It will be an inexhaustible resource for energy related sciences and a continuous inspiration for architects around the world.' N. Fintikakis, Architect and Director of UIA-ARES WP (Architecture and Renewable Energy Sources) 'The collection of articles provides an encyclopaedic overview of the state of the art of the subject; and they are written clearly and concisely. This volume is a must for researchers and advanced students.' Professor Edward Ng, Department of Architecture, The Chinese University of Hong Kong 'This is a very valuable first volume of a new series with each section written by leaders in their respective fields. Contributions cover a range of related topics and present evaluations of contemporary issues in building energy research that give the reader an immediate and clear insight.' Dr Adrian Pitts, Senior Lecturer in Energy, Environment and Sustainability, University of Sheffield Advances in Building Energy Research (ABER) offers state-of-the-art information on the environmental science and performance of buildings, linking new technologies and methodologies with the latest research on systems, simulations and standards. As stringently reviewed as a journal but with the breadth of a book, this annual volume brings together invited contributions from the foremost international experts on energy efficiency and environmental quality of buildings. Spanning a broad range of technical subjects, this is a 'must have' reference on global developments in the field, suitable for architects and building engineers, environmental engineers, industry professionals, students, teachers and researchers in building science, technical libraries and laboratories. This first volume covers double skin faades; artificial intelligence in buildings; indoor thermal comfort and the progress of the adaptive approach; heat island research and the effect of urban microclimate; the use of techniques such as high dynamic range imaging and satellite remote sensing; and vital management and monitoring approaches such as post-occupancy evaluation.

Adapting to Severe Heat Waves

Adapting to Severe Heat Waves Author Tamra B. Orr
ISBN-10 9781448868575
Year 2012-07-15
Pages 64
Language en
Publisher The Rosen Publishing Group
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Like a row of dominoes, persistent and repetitive heat waves also threaten the environment, exacerbate current climate-related problems, stress a country's health system, damage its infrastructure, and strain its energy resources. Readers examine efforts, including drought and heat-resistant energy-efficient "smart" homes and buildings, green roof gardens, next-generation building materials, and alternative energy sources as well as technologically advanced climate modeling, weather prediction, and emergency warning systems. Also highlighted are governmental efforts that can be made to alleviate human suffering, including energy conservation initiatives, the opening of public shelters and cooling centers, and the organizing of neighborhood watch programs for heat-vulnerable residents. Most importantly, readers learn how they can learn to reduce their carbon footprint while also coping with increasing heat and remaining healthy.

Climates and Societies A Climatological Perspective

Climates and Societies   A Climatological Perspective Author M. Yoshino
ISBN-10 9789401710558
Year 2013-06-29
Pages 408
Language en
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
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The impact of climate on human activities and the effect of humans on cli mate are two of the most important areas of inquiry in climatology. These interactions conducted through physical, chemical and biological process es were described as early as Roman and Greek times. Marcus Vitruvius (75-25 B. C. ), a famous Roman engineer and architect, made the following observation about the climatic conditions necessary for founding a city: Land ideal for the health is slightly elevated and there should be neither fog nor frost. The direction of the slope and the distance to the swamps, lakes, and beaches must also be considered. The prevailing wind directions, observed by a wind tower at the center of the city, like Horologium at Athens, should be taken into consideration in city planning. The main and narrow streets should be placed in the middle angle of the two prevailing wind directions. Then the location of the Pantheons and squares should be decided. The influence of humans on climate was a major subject for discussion in the 19th century, inspired in part, by the rapid industrial growth and expanding deforestation of the time. D. L. Howard wrote brilliant pieces on the climate of London in the 1830s, while G . P. Marsh discussed the effects of forests on precipitation in the U. S . A. in the second half of the 19th century.

American Exodus

American Exodus Author Giles Slade
ISBN-10 9781550925487
Year 2013-10-21
Pages 288
Language en
Publisher New Society Publishers
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As temperatures rise, declines in agricultural production and freshwater supply will diminish US carrying capacity by 2/3, and rising sea levels will impact the country's most densely populated regions. A frightening survey of what's to come, American Exodus argues that mankind can survive the coming century of climate chaos if we act quickly to preserve our shelter of last resort.