The Political Theory of the American Founding

The Political Theory of the American Founding Author Thomas G. West
ISBN-10 9781108179515
Year 2017-03-31
Pages
Language en
Publisher Cambridge University Press
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This book provides a complete overview of the American Founders' political theory, covering natural rights, natural law, state of nature, social compact, consent, and the policy implications of these ideas. The book is intended as a response to the current scholarly consensus, which holds that the Founders' political thought is best understood as an amalgam of liberalism, republicanism, and perhaps other traditions. West argues that, on the contrary, the foundational documents overwhelmingly point to natural rights as the lens through which all politics is understood. The book explores in depth how the Founders' supposedly republican policies on citizen character formation do not contradict but instead complement their liberal policies on property and economics. Additionally, the book shows how the Founders' embraced other traditions in their politics, such as common law and Protestantism.

The Political Theory of the American Founding

The Political Theory of the American Founding Author Thomas G. West
ISBN-10 1316506037
Year 2017-04-03
Pages 428
Language en
Publisher Cambridge University Press
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This book provides a complete overview of the American Founders' political theory, covering natural rights, natural law, state of nature, social compact, consent, and the policy implications of these ideas. The book is intended as a response to the current scholarly consensus, which holds that the Founders' political thought is best understood as an amalgam of liberalism, republicanism, and perhaps other traditions. West argues that, on the contrary, the foundational documents overwhelmingly point to natural rights as the lens through which all politics is understood. The book explores in depth how the Founders' supposedly republican policies on citizen character formation do not contradict but instead complement their liberal policies on property and economics. Additionally, the book shows how the Founders' embraced other traditions in their politics, such as common law and Protestantism.

Vindicating the Founders

Vindicating the Founders Author Thomas G. West
ISBN-10 0847685179
Year 2000-11-28
Pages 219
Language en
Publisher Rowman & Littlefield
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Describes the myths surrounding the Founding Father's political thought and contrasts their ideas of liberty and equality with today's views.

Natural Rights and the New Republicanism

Natural Rights and the New Republicanism Author Michael P. Zuckert
ISBN-10 9781400821525
Year 2011-06-27
Pages 410
Language en
Publisher Princeton University Press
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In Natural Rights and the New Republicanism, Michael Zuckert proposes a new view of the political philosophy that lay behind the founding of the United States. In a book that will interest political scientists, historians, and philosophers, Zuckert looks at the Whig or opposition tradition as it developed in England. He argues that there were, in fact, three opposition traditions: Protestant, Grotian, and Lockean. Before the English Civil War the opposition was inspired by the effort to find the "one true Protestant politics--an effort that was seen to be a failure by the end of the Interregnum period. The Restoration saw the emergence of the Whigs, who sought a way to ground politics free from the sectarian theological-scriptural conflicts of the previous period. The Whigs were particularly influenced by the Dutch natural law philosopher Hugo Grotius. However, as Zuckert shows, by the mid-eighteenth century John Locke had replaced Grotius as the philosopher of the Whigs. Zuckert's analysis concludes with a penetrating examination of John Trenchard and Thomas Gordon, the English "Cato," who, he argues, brought together Lockean political philosophy and pre-existing Whig political science into a new and powerful synthesis. Although it has been misleadingly presented as a separate "classical republican" tradition in recent scholarly discussions, it is this "new republicanism" that served as the philosophical point of departure for the founders of the American republic.

C S Lewis on Politics and the Natural Law

C  S  Lewis on Politics and the Natural Law Author Justin Buckley Dyer
ISBN-10 9781107108240
Year 2016-08-11
Pages 170
Language en
Publisher Cambridge University Press
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This book shows how Lewis was interested in the truths and falsehoods about human nature and how these conceptions manifest themselves in the public square.

The Progressive Revolution in Politics and Political Science

The Progressive Revolution in Politics and Political Science Author John A. Marini
ISBN-10 0742549747
Year 2005-01-01
Pages 388
Language en
Publisher Rowman & Littlefield
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The Progressive Revolution in Politics and Political Science explores the scope, ambition, and effect of the Progressive revolution of a century ago, which relegated the theory and practice of the Founders to an antiquated historical phase. By contrast, our contributors see beyond the horizon of Progressivism to take account of the Founders' moral and political premises and illuminate its effects on our political science and political practice today. It is a study in political philosophy, intellectual history, and current political understanding.

To Secure These Rights

To Secure These Rights Author Scott Douglas Gerber
ISBN-10 9780814730669
Year 1995-06-01
Pages 315
Language en
Publisher NYU Press
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Scott Douglas Gerber here argues that the Constitution of the United States should be interpreted in light of the natural rights political philosophy of the Declaration of Independence and that the Supreme Court is the institution of American government that should be primarily responsible for identifying and applying that philosophy in American life. Importantly, the theory advanced in this book - what Gerber calls "liberal originalism" - is neither consistently "liberal" nor consistently "conservative" in the modern conception of those terms. Rather, the theory is liberal in the classic sense of viewing the basic purpose of government to be safeguarding the natural rights of individuals. As Thomas Jefferson wrote in the Declaration of Independence, "to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men". In essence, Gerber maintains that the Declaration articulates the philosophical ends of our nation and that the Constitution embodies the means to effectuate those ends. From the opening chapter's bold revision of the character of the American Revolution to the closing chapter's provocative reinterpretation of many of the most famous cases in Supreme Court history, this book demonstrates the importance of approaching constitutional interpretation from more than one discipline. Indeed, Gerber's analysis reveals that the Constitution cannot be properly understood without recourse to history, political philosophy, and law.

The American Founding and the Social Compact

The American Founding and the Social Compact Author Ronald J. Pestritto
ISBN-10 0739106651
Year 2003-01-01
Pages 283
Language en
Publisher Lexington Books
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This work emphasizes the coherence and intelligibility of the social compact theory which, in spite of the partisan politics of the founding period, was one of the founders' unifying philosophical positions. It presents a comprehensive overview of the social compact theory.

The Political Philosophy of George Washington

The Political Philosophy of George Washington Author Jeffry H. Morrison
ISBN-10 9780801891090
Year 2009-03-05
Pages 226
Language en
Publisher JHU Press
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George Washington is revered as the father of his country, a clever and skilled general, and a man of restrained principle—but not as a political thinker. This short introduction to Washington's political philosophy reveals him as a thoughtful public intellectual who was well equipped to lead the young United States. Though Washington left little explicit writing on political philosophy, Jeffry Morrison examines his key writings, actions, education, and political and professional lives. He finds that Washington held closely to a trinity of foundational principles—classical republicanism, British liberalism, and Protestant Christianity—with greater fidelity than many of the other founding fathers. In unearthing Washington's ideological growth, Morrison reveals the intellectual heritage of his political thought and shows how these beliefs motivated him to action. This insightful, concise story makes clearer the complexities of the revolutionary era and shows how the first president's political ideas shaped governmental institutions and instantiated the nation's foundational principles.

Natural Rights Individualism and Progressivism in American Political Philosophy Volume 29

Natural Rights Individualism and Progressivism in American Political Philosophy  Volume 29 Author Ellen Frankel Paul
ISBN-10 9781107641945
Year 2012-08-27
Pages 373
Language en
Publisher Cambridge University Press
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"In 1776, the American Declaration of Independence appealed to "the Laws of nature and of Nature's God" and affirmed "these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness . . . ." In 1935, John Dewey, professor of philosophy at Columbia University, declared, "Natural rights and natural liberties exist only in the kingdom of mythological social zoology." These opposing pronouncements on natural rights represent two separate and antithetical American political traditions: natural rights individualism, the original Lockean tradition of the Founding; and Progressivism, the collectivist reaction to individualism which arose initially in the newly established universities in the decades following the Civil War"--

Law and Protestantism

Law and Protestantism Author John Witte
ISBN-10 0521012996
Year 2002-05-16
Pages 337
Language en
Publisher Cambridge University Press
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This book investigates the relationship between the law and religious ideology in Luther's Germany.

Natural Rights Liberalism from Locke to Nozick Volume 22

Natural Rights Liberalism from Locke to Nozick  Volume 22 Author Ellen Frankel Paul
ISBN-10 0521615143
Year 2005
Pages 403
Language en
Publisher Cambridge University Press
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This collection of essays is dedicated to the memory of the late Harvard philosopher Robert Nozick, who died in 2002. The publication of Nozick's Anarchy, State, and Utopia in 1974 revived serious interest in natural rights liberalism, which, beginning in the latter half of the eighteenth century, had been eclipsed by a succession of antithetical political theories including utilitarianism, progressivism, and various egalitarian and collectivist ideologies. Some of our contributors critique Nozick's political philosophy. Other contributors examine earlier figures in the liberal tradition, most notably John Locke, whose Second Treatise of Government, published in the late seventeenth century, profoundly influenced the American founders. The remaining authors analyze natural rights liberalism's central doctrines.

Natural Rights and the New Republicanism

Natural Rights and the New Republicanism Author Michael P. Zuckert
ISBN-10 9781400821525
Year 2011-06-27
Pages 410
Language en
Publisher Princeton University Press
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In Natural Rights and the New Republicanism, Michael Zuckert proposes a new view of the political philosophy that lay behind the founding of the United States. In a book that will interest political scientists, historians, and philosophers, Zuckert looks at the Whig or opposition tradition as it developed in England. He argues that there were, in fact, three opposition traditions: Protestant, Grotian, and Lockean. Before the English Civil War the opposition was inspired by the effort to find the "one true Protestant politics--an effort that was seen to be a failure by the end of the Interregnum period. The Restoration saw the emergence of the Whigs, who sought a way to ground politics free from the sectarian theological-scriptural conflicts of the previous period. The Whigs were particularly influenced by the Dutch natural law philosopher Hugo Grotius. However, as Zuckert shows, by the mid-eighteenth century John Locke had replaced Grotius as the philosopher of the Whigs. Zuckert's analysis concludes with a penetrating examination of John Trenchard and Thomas Gordon, the English "Cato," who, he argues, brought together Lockean political philosophy and pre-existing Whig political science into a new and powerful synthesis. Although it has been misleadingly presented as a separate "classical republican" tradition in recent scholarly discussions, it is this "new republicanism" that served as the philosophical point of departure for the founders of the American republic.